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巧克力方砖的养护方法

木木
2017-05-20
#巧克力方砖 为景天科园艺品种,属于中小型品种。叶缘有轻微米黄色边,强光下或者温差大,叶片会出现漂亮的紫褐色,如巧克力颜色。弱光则叶色浅褐绿,叶片拉长。植株叶面光滑,不容易积水。叶片无白粉,巧克力方砖需要接受充足日照叶色才会艳丽,株型才会相对紧凑美观,多年群生后,植株会非常壮观,特别是多年修剪过的老桩。

巧克力方砖需要阳光充足和凉爽、干燥的环境,耐半阴,怕水涝,忌闷热潮湿。具有冷凉季节生长,夏季高温休眠的习性。每年的9月至第二年的6月为植株的生长期(花友的环境不一样,生长期也有长短),若光照不足会使植株叶片徒长,叶片褐红色也会慢慢褪去;而在阳光充足之处生长的植株,株型矮壮,叶片排列会紧凑。

巧克力方砖生长期需保持土壤湿润,避免积水,巧克力方砖能耐零下4℃左右的低温,是室内的温度,非露天,再低叶片的顶端生长点就会出现冻伤,干枯死亡,整个冬季基本断水,5度以下就要开始慢慢断水。夏季高温时整个植株生长缓慢或完全停止,这个时候要通风良好且适当遮光,避免曝晒,节制浇水,不能长期雨淋,以免植株腐烂。

巧克力方砖的繁殖一般是砍头爆小崽扦插和叶插,砍下来的植株可以直接扦插在干的颗粒土中,发根后就可以少量给水了。是个非常好养的品种,叶插法是取完整饱满的叶子,放在阴凉处晾干伤口(风筝一般直接取下叶片丢在土表,叶片伤口不接触土壤就可以),然后放置在微湿的土上,它会慢慢长根后发芽,过程有点长,不过可以得到很多的小侧芽,侧芽长大,取下扦插就可以。
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