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蜡牡丹怎么养

木木
2017-05-21
多肉植物#蜡牡丹 为景天科拟石莲花属,是属内较为特殊的一个种类,有的花友买了蜡牡丹,但是不知道蜡牡丹怎么养,请看下面:

蜡牡丹,Echeveria nuda,景天科,拟石莲花属。有网友在“博客”中纠错称:“蜡牡丹在日韩其拉丁名被错误的名命为Echeveria nuda,其实Echeveria nuda是另一种原生的拟石莲花属多肉植物,而蜡牡丹为园艺品种,其亲本是由Echeveria agavoides(东云原始种)与Sedum cuspidatum杂交而来,所以在欧洲都把蜡牡丹直接标注为Echeveria agavoides x Sedum cuspidatum 。”此观点有一定根据,值得参考。



蜡牡丹,是属内较为特殊的一个种类。植株易生侧芽,常形成群生状。叶片肉质厚实,轮生,卵圆形或心形,叶端有钝尖,叶面不平,呈中间内凹,两边中心部位凸起,排列紧密成莲花状,几乎看不见茎,组成的叶盘,犹如一朵盛开的微型、精致的牡丹花。叶片常为绿色,但到了秋冬季节,随着温差加大,再加上光照充足,叶色会转变为红色,有的也会变成黄色,并有红色的叶缘,尤其是叶子表面呈蜡质状的油亮光泽,更具有迷人的特质。花期春季。

蜡牡丹,喜温暖、干燥和阳光充足的环境。四季生长,无明显的休眠期。只有在长时间的高温下才会出现短暂的滞长。蜡牡丹是容易徒长的品种,生长期可全日照,让植株充分见光。夏季要注意控水、通风和适当遮荫,冬季可移至室内向阳处,尽可能让植株多晒太阳,光线不足时可用灯光适当补光。介质可选用疏松透气的沙壤土。蜡牡丹繁殖以枝插为主。
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