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矮牵牛和牵牛花的区别

绮丽
2017-05-20



#牵牛花和矮牵牛 的科属区别
牵牛花是旋花科牵牛属的一年生蔓性缠绕草本花卉。而矮牵牛为茄科碧冬茄属的多年生草本植物。


牵牛花和矮牵牛的花色区别
牵牛花常见的花色有白、红、粉红、蓝、紫等。而且值得注意的是,牵牛花常常会变色,原本紫色的花朵有时看会变成蓝色或是红色。
矮牵牛的花色有红、纯白、肉色以及多种带条纹的品种,并且一般不会变色。


牵牛花和矮牵牛的外形区别
牵牛花的茎上被有倒向生长的短柔毛,还杂有倒向或开展的长硬毛,叶形为宽卵形或近圆形,并且叶面布有微硬的柔毛。它的花序梗的有长有短,花腋生,一般1,2朵着生于花序梗顶。牵牛花的花冠呈漏斗状,而矮牵牛的则为喇叭状。牵牛花的蒴果近似球形,种子则呈卵状三棱形,一般直径约6毫米,颜色为黑褐或米黄,并且被褐色短绒毛。矮牵牛的种子很小很轻。矮牵牛的株高一般为15-80厘米,有丛生和匍匐两种类型,叶椭圆或卵圆形,在播种后的当年即可开花,矮牵牛的花较大,花期长,达数月,花形多,有单瓣、重瓣、瓣缘呈不规则锯齿等。

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