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如何制作金桔盆景

绮丽
2017-05-19

#金桔盆景 的制作
小苗的培育
金桔的培育可以采用播种、扦插、嫁接等方式获得。嫁接一般在5-6月份进行,嫁接后一到两年即可结果。播种最好在每年的3-4月份,播种时,上面覆土1-2厘米并覆盖薄膜。幼苗出土后逐渐掀膜,锻炼后去膜,秋季停肥,防治苗木贪长,影响越冬。苗木生长过程中要注意摘心,以促进加粗生长。

上盆定植
选择根系发达生长健壮的苗木,在春季萌发前上盆定植,选口径20-25厘米的花盆,在渗水孔上放一块碎瓦片。培养土棵选用腐叶土与堆肥配制而成或用马粪土,上盆后要求留出3厘米的沿口,以利于浇水,定植后7-10天,苗木可发新根,此时清粪水施肥,一般2-3年可倒盆1次,换盆时加饼肥或浆渣40-50克作基肥,时间在秋季,秋稍转绿后进行。

金桔盆景的养护
肥水管理
春秋季每2-3天浇一次水,夏季晴天每天浇1次水,维持盆土含水量百分之七十左右,冬季可视越冬环境而定,一般每7天浇水一次。
春稍萌发后应增肥,花期、果期可加入少量的尿素,随着生长量的增大液肥浓度相应增加。

整形修剪
金橘的树形采用自然半圆形或柱形或塔形。结果前的修剪原则是单芽切接苗的第一次梢老熟后留10厘米的重截定杆,以宝生主枝木质化后末抽新梢前,再短截促发新梢,同时,加强肥水,争取当年多次发梢,扩大树冠.

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