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芸香科植物代代花

气泡布鲁鲁
2017-05-10
中文学名:#代代花        

别称:回青橙、玳玳

界: 植物界                   

科:芸香科

分布区域: 分布于中国南部各地,浙江、江苏、广东、贵州等地有栽培。

代代花属芸香科柑桔属植物。它绿叶婆娑,金果悬垂,是家养花卉中难得的佳品。代代果实初呈深绿色,成熟后显橙黄色,不脱落至翌年春夏又变成青绿色,故有“回青橙”之称。如养护得法,果实可宿存到第三年,故又名“代代”。

代代花原产中国浙江省,在北方只能盆栽,其花后结出橙黄色扁圆形的美丽果实,压满树枝,虽不可食,可在绿叶丛中留存树上数年,美观别致,是很受人们喜爱的庭院栽植或室内盆栽的优良花卉。代代花又名回青橙、玳玳,香气浓郁,果实美观,是庭院和室内摆设的优美盆栽花卉,花和白兰、茉莉一样,可供窨制花茶,还可入药和提取香精。

代代花属芸香科,为常绿灌木或小乔木,是酸橙的变种。叶革质,椭圆形,叶柄具宽翅。花洁白,单生或数朵簇生于叶腋,极芳香,花期5-6月,冬季果实呈橙黄色,挂满枝头,十分悦目。次年夏季果又变青,故有“回青橙”之美称。代代花的果实通常在植株上着生2-3年不落,隔年花果同存,犹如“三世同堂”因而得名代代,为重要的木本香花及观果植物。盆栽观赏,甚为清雅。
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