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蔷薇科水杨梅

气泡布鲁鲁
2017-05-10
学名:#水杨梅

别称:细叶水团花、水杨柳

科:蔷薇科

属:路边青属

分布区域:广布北半球温带及暖温带以及中国大陆

水杨梅有些开白色、红色、橙黄色或黄色花的种被栽培观赏。通常不高于60公分(2??; 叶多基生,复叶、深裂或具缺刻。花径约2~3公分,单生或聚生成小簇。又名细叶水团花,原产中国。喜温暖湿润和阳光充足环境,较耐寒,不耐高温和干旱,但耐用水淹,以肥沃酸性的沙壤土为佳。

【繁殖】常用播种和扦插繁殖。播种,10月采种,冬季室内贮藏,翌春播种,播后约30天发芽。扦插,以梅雨季节最好,选取二年生成熟枝条,长10-15厘米,插后30-40天可生根。花径约2~3公分。

【栽培】在秋季落叶后移栽,并加以修剪整形。春季萌芽后,施肥1次,促使多萌发新枝,对徒长枝适当进行摘心,使株形均衡美观。遇干旱天气,需灌水1-2次。

【病虫害】有时会发生黄化病和煤污病,黄化病施3%-5%硫酸亚铁水溶液防治,煤污病用50%托布津可湿性粉剂500倍液喷洒。虫害有蚜虫和介壳中危害,用50倍机油乳剂喷杀。

【应用】水杨梅枝条披散,婀娜多姿,紫红球花满吐长蕊,秀丽夺目,适用于低洼地、池畔和塘过布置,也可作花径绿篱。
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