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苦苣苔科大岩桐

气泡布鲁鲁
2017-05-10
中文学名: #大岩桐         

别称: 六雪尼,落雪泥 
                     
科: 苦苣苔科        

属: 大岩桐属 

大岩桐为多年生草本,块茎扁球形,地上茎极短,株高15-25 cm,全株密被白色绒毛。叶对生,肥厚而大,卵圆形或长椭圆形,有锯齿;叶脉间隆起,自叶间长出花梗。花顶生或腋生,花冠钟状,先端浑圆,5-6浅裂色彩丰富,有粉红、红、紫蓝、白、复色等色,大而美丽。蒴果,花后1个月种子成熟;种子褐色,细小而多.

大岩桐生长期喜温暖、潮湿,忌阳光直射,有一定的抗炎热能力,但夏季宜保持凉爽,23℃左右有利开花,1-10月温度保持在18-23℃;10-翌年1月(休眠期)需要10-12℃,块茎在5℃左右的温度中,也可以安全过冬。生长期要求空气湿度大,不喜大水,避免雨水侵入;冬季休眠期则需保持干燥,如湿度过大或温度过低,块茎易腐烂。喜肥沃疏松的微酸性土壤。

大岩桐花大色艳,花期又长,一株大岩桐可开花几十朵,花期4-11月,花期持续数月之久。是节日点缀和装饰室内及窗台的理想盆花。用它摆放会议桌、橱窗、茶室,更添节日欢乐的气氛。

常见品种有威廉皇帝,花深紫色,具白边。挑战,花深红色。弗雷德里克皇帝,花红色白边。瑞士,花褶红色。泰格里纳,花橙红色。另外,还有火神、格雷戈尔·门德尔.赫巴·奥塞纳、维纳斯等。重瓣种有芝加哥重瓣,花淡橙红色,重瓣。巨早系列,花色有深紫具淡紫边、深红等,开花早,从播种至开花只需4个月。重瓣锦缎,花有深红、红色 淡紫色大岩桐具紫色花心和白边、玫瑰红具白边、深红具深紫色花心等,矮生,重瓣花,叶片小。
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