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杜鹃花养护

樊问
2017-05-04
#杜鹃花 开放热烈豪放、情调高昂,是节日馈赠佳品。白居易以玉泉南涧花奇怪,不以花丛似火堆佳句评价杜鹃花的至高无上。    
杜鹃花属酸性浅根花卉,须根密生,细如发丝。它喜温凉,忌高温;喜湿润,忌干燥;喜散射光,忌烈日直晒;怕水涝,忌浓肥。养好杜鹃花,要做到:    

杜鹃花属酸性浅根花卉,须根密生,细如发丝。它喜温凉,忌高温;喜湿润,忌干燥;喜散射光,忌烈日直晒;怕水涝,忌浓肥。养好杜鹃花,要做到:    
一、 浇水:1.用酸性水。以PH值5~6为宜。2.用自来水凉晒1~2天使用。3.不干不浇,浇必浇透,植物根部间干间湿,可达到以水促肥,以水调气,促使植物根深叶茂。4.四季有别。冬季偏干为好,夏季可偏湿。春秋两季是植物生长旺季,水分要充足,但忌过勤。5.花期浇水要控制,不能往开放的花朵上浇水。     
二、 施肥:花谢后每三周施用一次专用肥,连续施用二至三次。七月下旬新生枝呈半木质化,也是花芽分化的开始,每三周施用一次专用肥,连续施用三至四次,冬季停止施肥,每次施肥不宜过多,专用肥每次施用20~30粒即可。    
三、 湿温度:适宜生长温度12℃~35℃,相对湿度80%左右,夏季宜置于凉爽通风处,防止日光直晒。    
四、 花谢后及时修剪整形,剔除残枝、弱枝、徒长枝和一部分内膛枝。
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