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荷包牡丹怎么养 荷包牡丹的养殖方法

爱狗爱花爱小刚
2017-05-26



#荷包牡丹 原产中国、西伯利亚及日本。叶丛美丽,花朵玲珑,形似荷包,色彩绚丽,是盆栽和切花的好材料,也适宜于布置花境和在树丛、草地边缘湿润处丛植,景观效果极好。喜散射光充足的半阴环境,比较耐寒。荷包牡丹怎么养,介绍荷包牡丹的养殖方法。

1、栽植

荷包牡丹可盆栽或地栽。盆栽宜于春分前后分栽,家庭种植一般以盆栽为主,以选用稍深大、通透性较好的土陶盆种植为佳。如用塑料盆、瓷盆,可在盆底垫层碎木炭块或碎硬塑料泡沫块,增强透气排水。它喜生于含腐殖质较多的壤土中,可用腐叶土与菜园表土等量混合作培养土,盆土宜用腐叶土7份、沙土2份、饼肥末1份混匀配制的培养土。

2、施肥

栽后浇透水放向阳处养护。当芽长到6-7厘米时,可追施腐熟的稀薄液肥或复合化肥1次,以后约每隔半个月施肥1次,直至花期。每次施肥后都要及时浇水并松土,以利通气。生长期每隔1个月施1次矾肥水(与施液肥相间进行),则生长更加茂盛。在花蕾形成期间,施1-2次0.2%磷酸二氢钾或过磷酸钙溶液,能促使花大而色艳。

3、浇水

浇水荷包牡丹喜湿润,生长期应经常保特盆土湿润状态。遇连阴雨天,应及时排除盆内积水来防涝。入冬后应控制浇水,保持盆土半墒状态为好。


4、温度、光照

炎夏,应注意适当遮阴,宜放置在半阴处养护。北方地区,霜降后移入室内,室温保持在5℃以上。

5、病虫防治

有时发生叶斑病,可用65%代森锌可湿性粉剂600倍液喷洒。

虫害有介壳虫,用4%氧化乐果乳剂1500倍液喷杀。

6、整形修剪

夏季高温,茎叶枯黄进入休眠期,可将枯枝剪去;为改善荷包牡丹的通风透光条件,使养分集中,秋、冬季落叶后,也要进行整形修剪。生长期剪去过密的枝条,如并生枝、交叉枝、内向枝及病虫害枝等,使植株保持美丽的造型。
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