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玉簪花种子播种方法(图)

后果的大树
2017-05-26
#玉簪花 繁殖主要还是用分株的方法,不过玉簪花种子播种也是可以的,说播种方法之前,先来认识一下玉簪花种子,玉簪花花期过后,细心的花友会发现玉簪花上“豆荚”,其那就是玉簪花的种子,看下图:


玉簪花种子秋末成熟,采收后晒干,翌年2-3月间即可播种,一般2-3年后可开花,播种方法和其他植物一样,具体方法大致如下:

基质消毒:对播种用的基质进行消毒,最好的方法就是把它放到锅里炒热,什么病虫都能烫死(当然这个也不是必须的)。

催芽:用温热水(温度和洗脸水差不多)把种子浸泡 12 ~ 24 个小时,直到种子吸水并膨胀起来。对于很常见的容易发芽的种子,这项工作可以不做。

播种:对于用手或其它工具难以夹起来的细小的种子,可以把牙签的一端用水沾湿,把种子一粒一粒地粘放在基质的表面上,覆盖基质 1 公分厚,然后把播种的花盆放入水中,水的深度为花盆高度的 1/2 ~ 2/3 ,让水慢慢地浸上来(这个方法称为“盆浸法”);

对于能用手或其它工具夹起来的种粒较大的种子,直接把种子放到基质中,按 3 × 3 公分的间距点播。播后覆盖基质,覆盖厚度为种粒的 2 ~ 3 倍。播后可用喷雾器、细孔花洒把播种基质质淋湿,以后当盆土略干时再淋水,仍要注意浇水的力度不能太大,以免把种子冲起来。
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