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阳台种菜之容器选择

素雅
2017-05-25

阳台种菜有很多容器选择,只要空间足够大,排水性较好的容器都可以,传统的花盆、水槽,还有许多生活用具可以改良使用,如木箱、提桶、铁皮箱、塑料盒、轮胎、浴盆、坛子、烧烤盘只要你能想到的都可以用来阳台种菜。只是在选择时要注意一下几点:

排水孔

无论选择什么样的容器都要保证排水通畅。排水不良,植株的根系容易窒息腐烂,排水过快会使植物缺水枯死。从市面上买的花盆底部都会有排水孔,而改造的容器就要自己
孔,通畅排气孔的直径为0.5~1cm.

材质

材质的选择关乎于排水的优良。注意一下几点

通畅陶制和木制容器排水较快,需要经常浇水。

塑料器皿尽量不要放在窗边,会被风吹倒。

不要选择经过高压处理的木质容器,高压处理的容器都加入化学防腐剂,虽能防止腐蚀和白蚁等害虫,但本身有有害物质,不利于植株生长。木质容器最好选择松木、杉木。

颜色

容器禁用黑色,黑色喜热,毁损伤植株的根系。如果只有黑色容器,在表面涂上颜色较浅的漆,避免阳光直射。

尺寸

容器的大小是很重要的哦!宁大勿小,大容器不仅有充裕的空间存放肥料,并且储水量大,夏季不会干涸。像西红柿、辣椒、菜豆等蔬菜需要较大的容器,通常要15~20升就足够了!不过你建议在买种子时问一下商家,需要多大的容器,还有浇水施肥情况。
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