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家庭油麦菜的种植方法

丫头
2017-05-26
#油麦菜 别名:油麦菜、香油麦菜、麦菜、苦麦菜

种植季节:8-9月(四季可播种,北方冬季宜在室内种植)

油麦菜-育苗

①常育苗移栽。发芽适温15~2O℃,高于25℃或低于8℃不发芽,夏季高温时播种需要催芽。将种子撒播于浇透水的土面,覆土约0.5~1厘米,保持土壤湿润,约l周发芽。

催芽方法:将种子浸泡于水中5~6小时,稍晾干后用湿布包好,放在阴凉处催芽,约有3/4种子露白时播种。

②苗期土壤保持湿润即可,夏季暴晒时要遮阴。真叶3~4片时定植于施足基肥的盆土中,株距约1 O~1 5厘米,浇透水,约1周后可正常管理。

油麦菜-日常管理

①病虫害少,生长快速,需肥量较大,一般每7~1 O天左右喷施1次以氮肥为主的腐熟有机肥,以促进叶片生长,采收前l周宜停止施肥。

②喜凉爽,稍耐寒而不耐热,叶片生长适温为11~1 8℃,温度过高则影响生长或提前开花。

③喜湿润,生长旺盛期要求给予充足水分,通常每天浇水1次,必要时早、晚浇水,以免影响叶片的品质。

④采收后,待伤口晾干可追施1次腐熟有机肥,以促进新叶萌发,一段时间后可再次采收。

油麦菜-采收

定植后约一个月,或从约15片叶时即可开始采收,通常在早晨进行,将充分长大、厚实而脆嫩的绿色叶片用手掰下即可。

油麦菜-营养价值

低热量、高营养,营养价值略高于生菜而远远优于莴笋,有降低胆固醇、清燥润肺等功效。
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