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蓝莓的营养价值

丫头
2017-05-26
#蓝莓 (Blueberry),学名越桔,属于杜鹃花科(Ericaceae)越橘属(Vaccinium spp)植物。蓝莓为小浆果,果实呈蓝色,近圆形,果肉细腻,种子极小,甜酸适度,且具有香爽宜人的香气,可鲜食,也可作为食品、饮料、医药等的原料。蓝莓果实中富含水果中常见的多种营养成分,以及花色素苷、类黄酮等抗氧化剂和细菌生长抑制剂,属高氨基酸、高锌、高铁、高铜、高维生素的果品,具有良好的营养保健作用,包括增强视力、消除眼睛疲劳、防止脑神经老化、抗癌、软化血管、增强人体免疫等,其营养价值远高于苹果、葡萄、橘子等水果,堪称“世界水果之王”,是近几年世界发展最为迅速的集营养与保健于一身的第三代果树,风靡当今欧美日等国家和地区。

蓝莓果实不仅营养价值高,含有大量对人类健康有益的物质,包括抗氧化物(VA、Vc、VE),靴酸(vb)、抗菌成分和丰富的食用纤维等,概况起来主要有以下几个方面的保健作用:

⑴蓝莓果实的VMA(花色苷色素)对眼睛有良好的保健作用,能够减轻眼的疲劳及提高夜间视力。

⑵具有保护毛细血管及抗氧化的作用。

⑶延缓脑神经衰老,增强记忆力。

⑷具有良好的消除体内炎症的作用,尤其对尿路感染、慢性肾炎的作用最为显著。

⑸具有抗癌作用。
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