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昙花的繁殖

权问薇
2017-05-31



#昙花 的播种繁殖

昙花开花后会结很多种子,有种子便可以播种繁殖。

将昙花种子用水浸泡,待壳松软便可以种植。土壤要保持湿润,一般播种后约2-3周就可以发芽。

播种繁殖常用于杂交育种,不过由于播种繁殖昙花生长缓慢,从播种至开花需4-5年,时间较长,因此昙花多用扦插法繁殖。


昙花的扦插繁殖

昙花扦插繁殖以3-5月最佳,有温室条件的可以一年四季进行。

昙花在扦插时要选取健壮,肥厚叶状茎作插穗,一般选用2年生以上的老叶子比较好,叶片不能选的过小也不能过嫩,过嫩的枝条插后易腐烂或萎缩,老叶片已经不会生长新叶,便会形成新的生长点,根系发达生长。

选好叶片后,选取长大约20厘米-30厘米,按2-3节一段将叶状茎剪开,并将基部削平,可以将伤口弄的大一些,增大扦插面。

将剪下来的想要扦插的叶状茎放在阴凉通风处半天至一天,待剪口稍干燥后在插入干净的沙床,扦插时候可以“浅插”、“斜插”,尽可能的不要插得过深。

扦插的土壤要排水畅通、疏松,便于发根,事先经过消毒。土壤保持湿润,必须浇水。然后放在室内阴凉处,不再多移动。

扦插的昙花,在室温保持 18 C-24 C的情况下,大约3周便可以生根,待根长3厘米-4厘米时上盆。

一般情况下,昙花用主茎扦插,当年可以见花,用侧茎则需2-3年才开花。





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