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怎么判断花儿喜光还是喜阴

权问薇
2017-05-30

什么花喜光,什么花喜阴?

不同的花对阳光的需求不同,大体可以分为四种。

阳性花卉

这类花卉需要充足的阳光,有些花卉甚至必须在14小时以上的长日照环境才才能进行花芽分化,才能开出较大和鲜艳的花朵,才能生长良好。这类花卉有唐菖蒲、鸢尾、锥花福禄考、凤仙花、翠菊、月季、石榴、半枝莲、酢浆草、荷花、紫薇、米兰、柑橘、三色堇、无花果、夹竹桃、橡皮树等。

中性花卉

介于阳性花卉和喜阴花卉之间,不需要特别长时间的日照。如桂花、茉莉、扶桑、侄子、四季海棠等。

喜阴花卉

在蔽荫处生长良好,只有冬季和初春可以接受稍多光照。如山茶、杜鹃、广东万年青、文竹等。

强喜阴花卉

原产于热带雨林、山地阴坡、幽谷等阴湿地带,即使阳光不太强,也要适当遮阳。如春兰、波士顿蕨等。


怎么判断花卉喜阴还是喜光?

从叶形判断

叶子呈针状的,如雪松、落叶松、五针松等,大多数喜阳;叶子扁平或后才能鳞片状的,如罗汉松、侧柏、翠柏等略耐阴;落叶阔叶花木大多喜阳,如菊花、月季、紫茉莉、梅花等;常绿阔叶花木,如海棠、龟背竹、鹅掌柴、万年青、栀子、山茶等,大多死半阴或喜阴。

从枝叶的疏密程度判断

枝叶小而茂密的多属于喜阴花卉,如文竹、天门冬、铁线蕨、鸡爪槭、南天竹等。枝叶稀疏而又伸展的花卉大部分属于阳性花卉,如矮牵牛、变叶木、一串红、夹竹桃等。
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