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秋季多肉养护技巧

权问薇
2017-05-29

控制浇水,增加空气湿度



进入秋季,气温稍有下降,加上昼夜温差加大,多肉植物逐渐恢复生长,可多浇水。由于多肉植物有夜间生长的特性,可以根据气温的变化,适当浇水。初秋的傍晚及深秋的午后浇水,有利于植株的生长。阴天少浇水,下雨天停止浇水。

多肉秋季放在室内养护,适当增加空气湿度对原产于高海拔地区的多肉植物时分有利,在秋季生长期,相对于湿度保持在45%~50%之间,少数品种可达到70%。

合理修剪,优化植株造型

矮小型多肉

多肉植物多数植株矮小,茎、叶多为肉质,进入秋季生长速度相对加快。对茎、叶生长过快的白雪姬、吊金钱等,通过摘心可促进其分枝,形成花蕾,多开花,使株型更加紧凑,矮化。对沙漠玫瑰。鸡蛋花等进行疏枝,可保持株型外观整齐。生长过高的彩云阁、非洲霸王树、红雀珊瑚等,用强剪来控制高度。对生长吸芽过多的红卷娟、子持年华等,剪取过多的吸芽,可以让株型更加美观。

仙人掌类多肉

仙人掌类植株秋季花后会继续生长,适时、合理修剪,不仅可以压低株型,促进分枝,让植株生长更更健壮,株型更美观,还能促进其萌生子球,用于扦插或嫁接繁殖。

仙人掌若在花后不留种,要及时剪去残花,以免因结实而多消耗养分,不利于新花蕾的形成。但对于假昙花、龙凤牡丹和容易生长子球的仙人掌,通过疏剪叶状茎和剥除过密的子球,可使株型美观。对于初冬开花的蟹爪兰、仙人掌等,要及时摘蕾。对于柱状的仙人掌,如白芒柱、龙神柱等,应适当短截,压低株型,准备过冬。
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