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朝鲜国花-—杜鹃

小九
2017-06-22



朝鲜的国花#杜鹃 ,又名金达来、迎山红、蓝荆子、万荆子、尖叶杜鹃。杜鹃的花语是长久开放的花,朝鲜人民用它来象征长久的繁荣,喜悦和幸福。朝鲜冬季比较长,每年有四五个月处于冰天雪地的严冬,春季来临时,杜鹃是田野中开放的第一朵花,朝鲜人认为杜鹃是春天来到的标志,杜鹃红艳艳的花朵缀满枝头,火红一片,象征一个民族不屈的时代强音。所以朝鲜人民把它看做生命力和幸福的象征,以它作为自己的国花。



金达莱即杜鹃花科的迎红杜鹃。它是一种落叶灌木,椭圆形的叶子,薄薄的泛着翠绿。花朵单生,管状花性,每朵直径约三四厘米。玫瑰紫红色。花开时,叶子还没长成,花显得格外娇艳。杜鹃花花后结籽,种子浅灰色,扁平,外包有特别的绒毛。

关于朝鲜国花,还有另一种说法,即木槿无穷花也被朝鲜人民视作国花。

木槿无穷花就是木槿,木槿又名朱槿,属锦葵科落叶灌木。叶互生,呈卵形或菱状卵形,常有三列,边缘有锯齿。花开在炎夏至深秋的少花季节,有白,粉红,淡紫和紫等颜色。花瓣有单瓣的,也有重瓣的。

木槿能分解有毒物质,如二氧化硫等,是净化环境的花种。种子和花都可入药。

木槿原产我国和印度,适应性很强。
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