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锦晃星的栽培方法

Miss Chen
2017-07-08
#锦晃星 的栽培较为普遍,喜欢凉爽、干燥和阳光充足的环境,忌水湿和闷热。锦晃星的外形非常可爱,叶片上布满了细短的白色毫毛,叶缘顶端在光照充足的情况下会出现红色,非常鲜艳夺目。



锦晃星性喜干燥、温暖、阳光充足;要求排水良好的砂质壤土,忌积水;怕低温,冬季室温最好保持在10℃左右。

每年早春换盆,加入疏松肥沃的腐叶土、培养土和粗沙的混合土。生长期不宜多浇水,盆土过湿,茎叶易徒长,叶片和根部霉烂,失去观赏价值。特别在冬季低温条件下,水分过多,根部易腐烂死亡。盛夏高温,也不宜多浇水,否则基部叶片发黄萎缩。阳台栽培切忌阵雨冲淋。每年早春换盆,同时换上疏松肥土。生长期每月施肥1次,以保持叶片青翠碧绿。每次不可过浓,浓肥伤根。但施肥过多,引起节间拉长,影响姿态。如枝条徒长或衰老,可短剪施肥,更新复壮。

每15~20天施一次“低氮高磷、钾”的薄肥,施肥时注意肥水不要溅到叶片上,以免形成难看的斑痕,很难去掉。冬季放在室内阳光充足处,保持6~8℃的温度,节制浇水,以防因低温、潮湿引起的烂根。盛夏高温时也不宜浇水过多,否则会因根部腐烂而造成叶片萎缩、脱落,并加强通风,防止暴雨冲淋。

每年春季翻盆一次,盆土要求疏松、排水良好。常用腐叶土、园土、粗沙各1份,混匀后使用,并加少量的骨粉作基肥。栽培3~4年以后的锦晃星,植株容易老化,应培育新苗对老株进行更新。

冬季放在室内阳光充足处,保持6℃至8℃的温度,节制浇水,以防因低温潮湿引起的烂根。盛夏高温时也不宜浇水过多,否则会因根部腐烂而造成的叶片萎宿、脱落,并加强通风,防止暴雨冲淋。本种虽然在半阴处也能正常生长,但叶缘及叶片上部的红色会减退,甚至消失。
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