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多肉黑爪的养殖方法

Colour_
2017-07-08
动物中,我们经常听得最多的是鸡爪、鸭爪、鹅爪等。而在多肉植物中,也有黑爪、绿爪、红爪等。今天,小编就带大家学习黑爪的养殖方法,当然绿爪、红爪也可以参考,因为他们的养护方法基本相同。


黑爪的养殖方法:

黑爪为景天科拟石莲花属多肉植物,生长期为春秋季节,夏季高温则进入休眠,光照增强或昼夜温差大再或者冬季低温期叶色呈白绿色,叶尖黑红,弱光则叶色浅蓝绿。叶面有白粉,黑爪需要接受充足日照叶色才会艳丽,株型才会更紧实美观。日照太少则叶色浅,叶片排列松散拉长松散。光照好叶片会非常整齐排列,多年群生后,植株也会非常壮观,黑爪为穗状花序,花开微黄,先端五裂。

黑爪喜阳光充足和凉爽、干燥的环境,耐半阴,怕水涝,忌闷热潮湿,这些条件也可以说是大多数景天科多肉植物的共同特点。

黑爪生长期需保持土壤湿润,避免积水,黑爪能耐零下4℃左右的室温,再低叶片的顶端生长点就会出现冻伤,干枯死亡,整个冬季基本断水,5度以下就要开始慢慢断水。

夏季高温时整个植株生长缓慢或完全停止,这个时候要通风良好且适当遮光,避免曝晒,节制浇水,不能长期雨淋,以免植株腐烂。

黑爪的繁殖一般是砍头爆小崽或叶片扦插,砍下来的植株可以直接扦插在干的颗粒土中,几天后少量给水,很容易就发根了,叶片扦插有点慢,取下完整饱满的叶片,放在阴凉处晾干伤口,然后放置在土上,土不要太湿,有点湿度即可,它会慢慢发芽长出新植株的。




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