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盆栽棕榈树怎么养?

Miss Chen
2017-07-27

#棕榈 别称唐棕、拼棕、棕树等,为棕榈科棕榈属常绿乔木,挺拔秀丽,一派南国风光,适应性强,能抗多种有毒气体,可列植、丛植或成片栽植,也常用盆栽或桶栽作室内或建筑前装饰及布置会场之用,下面我们就一起来看一看盆栽棕榈树怎么养吧!

棕榈树的生长习性

棕榈性喜温暖湿润的气候,极耐寒,较耐阴,成品极耐旱,惟不能抵受太大的日夜温差。棕榈是国内分布最广,分布纬度最高的棕榈科种类。喜温暖湿润气候,喜光。耐寒性极强,稍耐阴。适生于排水良好、湿润肥沃的中性、石灰性或微酸性土壤,耐轻盐碱,也耐一定的干旱与水湿。抗大气污染能力强。易风倒,生长慢。

棕榈树的繁殖方法

棕榈常用播种繁殖进行繁殖,11月种子成熟时将果枝割下,取出种子,用草木灰液浸泡3天,搓去种子表皮的蜡质,可以冬播,也可以春播。若春播,可将种子摊凉1~2天,阴干后,与湿沙混藏至翌春播种。床面平整后,开沟条播,沟距20厘米,覆土2厘米,上盖稻草,搭遮阳网遮阳,播种量15千克每亩。以后视圃土干湿程度及时浇水,经常保持圃地处于半墒状态,两个月后出苗,播种苗两年后换床移栽,移栽时剪除叶片1/2~2/3,浅栽。

盆栽棕榈树怎么养?

1、土壤:棕榈树盆栽时最好选择排水性良好的沙质壤土,尽管对土壤要求不高,微酸或微碱的土壤均可以生长的很好。

2、浇水:棕榈树喜欢湿润的环境,因此浇水很重要,但不可浇水过量,尤其是不要发生积水现象,否则易导致棕榈烂根。

3、温度:棕榈树耐寒,在~10℃左右的温度下也可以很好的生长。

4、光照:棕榈树对光照要求也不严,既能在全日照下生长良好,又能在较阴的室内良好生长。

5、病虫:棕榈树常见的病虫害有拟青霉菌、天牛、介壳虫等,要及时发现,并进行剥棕治疗。
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