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水金凤的栽培技术

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2017-09-01
水金凤(学名:Impatiens noli-tangere Linn.):是凤仙花科,凤仙花属一年生草本植物,高可达70厘米。茎肉质,直立,叶互生;叶片卵形或卵状椭圆形,边缘有粗圆齿状齿,上面深绿色,下面灰绿色;叶柄纤细,总状花序;苞片草质,披针形,花黄色;侧生萼片卵形或宽卵形,旗瓣圆形或近圆形,翼瓣无柄,唇瓣宽漏斗状,花丝线形,花药卵球形,顶端尖;子房纺锤形,蒴果线状圆柱形,种子多数,7-9月开花。

分布中国黑龙江、吉林、辽宁等地,常生于山坡林下、林缘草地或沟边,该种极易成活,易于栽培。该花花形奇特,花如其名。古代已有关注其观赏价值。

生长环境

生于海拔265-3500米的山坡林下、林缘草地或沟边。

生境: 滴水石壁上, 沟边草丛, 林缘湿地, 路边草丛中, 山谷林下, 山谷溪边, 山坡灌丛, 山坡林中, 湿润山谷溪边, 水边湿地草丛 , 溪边, 阴湿崖下 。



水金凤的栽培技术

凤仙花的播种一般在3月至4月进行,如果是在"国庆节"观花,则在6月至7月播种。

准备好播种用土,将种子撒在土壤表面,覆盖一层薄土后,再喷水保湿,然后放在无直射阳光处,注意浇水,勿使土壤干燥,浇水时不要将种子冲出来。

约过7天至10天,种子陆续发芽出苗,应避免烈日暴晒,经常浇水,以保持土壤湿润。当凤仙花小过于拥挤时进行间苗,使其茁壮生长。

当小苗长出3片至4片真叶时分苗定植,分苗时应带宿土,栽后放在阴凉处进行缓苗。缓苗后放在良好、光照充足处养护,保持土壤湿润而不积水,每10天施一次腐熟的薄肥。

如此经过50天至60天,凤仙花就会绽放出娇美的花朵。
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