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花和人一样,不仅有正名,而且还有雅号。

Miss Chen
2018-05-18

花卉是大自然美的精华。花和人一样,不仅有正名,而且还有别称、雅号等种种叫法。花卉雅号是自古以来爱好花卉的诗人和广人人民群众给花卉起的美名或尊称。。 雍容华贵的牡丹,又称“国色天香”。据说唐代长安有个叫李正封的人写了一首咏牡丹的诗,内有佳句“国色朝酣酒,天香夜染衣”,庸明皇看了很欣赏,就说杨贵纪喝酒后站在梳妆床前照影,那红颜美貌使与李正封的诗意相吻合,“国色天香,人似花容”。此后,牡丹就有“国色天香”之雅号。 芍药被认为是仅次于牡丹的丽花.宋代陆佃在《埠雅》中说:“今群芳中牡丹品第一,芍药第二,故也称牡丹为花王,芍药为花相(宰相)。”因此,牡丹又有“花王”之雅号,芍药的雅号为“花相”。 有些花卉的雅号的来历已无从考证了。但这些雅号(别名)在民间则广为流传。现将常见的花卉雅号介绍如下:

“花王”——牡丹;

“花相”——芍药;

“花中皇后”——月季;

“花中西施”——杜鹃;

“花中君子”、“天下第一香”、“空谷佳人”——兰花;

“人间第一香”——茉莉;

“东篱高士”、“雪里婵娟”——菊花;

“君子花”——莲花;

“白花盟主”——铃儿花(吊钟);

“月下美人”——昙花;

“绿色仙子”——吊兰;

“花魁”——梅花;

“四君子”——梅、兰、竹、菊;

“岁寒三友”——松、竹、梅;

“花中双绝”——牡丹、芍药;

“中国三大天然名花”——杜鹃、报春、龙胆;

“花草四雅”——兰、菊、水仙、菖蒲;

“花中四友”——茶花、迎春、梅花、水仙;

“蔷薇三姊妹”——蔷薇、月季、玫瑰;

“花中二姊妹”——薄荷、留兰香;

“红花二姊妹”——红花、藏红花;

“盆花五姊妹”——山茶、杜鹃、仙客来、石蜡红、吊钟海棠;

“树桩七贤”——黄山松、缨络柏、枫、银杏、雀梅、冬青、榆;

“园林三宝”——树中银杏、花中牡丹、草中兰;

“云南八大名花”——山茶、玉兰、杜鹃、报春、百合、兰花、绿绒蒿、龙胆。

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