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蔷薇怎么养

权问薇
2018-05-23



1、养殖环境

(1)土壤:主要要求是营养多、疏松透气、排水性等。可选择将腐叶土和园土混合。

(2)光照:植株喜光,需提供充足阳光,特别是成长期。在夏季,有时也需适当遮光。

(3)浇水:成长期要保持土壤湿润,但不积水。秋冬季减少浇水。

(4)湿度:夏季需得通过喷洒水等方式来增大湿度。

(5)施肥:主要需要的阶段是成长期。一般每半个月左右施加一次液肥就可满足要求。注意浓度别太高。

2、繁殖方法

(1)扦插繁殖:其为最主要的一个方法。在二月份前后进行。选择十到十五厘米左右的、健壮的,最好是老桩。将大概三分之一叶子剪掉,并把底部剪成一个斜口。基质最好是河沙,大概五到七厘米。将枝条插入,浇透水。注意进行遮荫,或将植株放在阴凉的地方。

(2)除了扦插法,常用的方法还有分株法、压条法等。

3、病害防治

植株病害多发,主要由真菌引起。将病叶子剪掉之后,可喷洒波尔多液。

4、修剪

植株萌芽成长能力强,所以需及时修剪,特别是在闷热、潮湿的环境下。还有开花过后,也需要进行一次修剪。

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