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扦插后如何进行管理

Miss Chen
11-22
(1)温度管理温度对插穗生根有很重要的作用。多数花卉软枝扦插的适宜生根温度为20℃~25℃;半硬枝和硬枝扦插的为22℃~28℃;叶插及芽插的因种类而异,适温在20~28范围内。插床的温度如低于20℃,插穗不易生根;高于28,则易使插穗叶片萎蔫而影响生根。春季,外界气温过低,若插床有增加底温的装置,则有利于早春硬枝扦插成活。而夏季扦插要注意防止高温危害,要打开覆盖物,并在叶面喷雾降温。

(2)水分管理扦插后要求基质不断提供足够的水分,以保持枝叶正常的新鲜度。一般以50~60的土壤含水量为宜,水分过多常招致插穗腐烂。同时要求保持较高的空气湿度,通常以80{bf} ~90{bf}的相对湿度为好。为此应及时运用叶面喷雾及调节覆盖物的方法来控制。为避免日光暴晒,引起水分大量蒸腾而导致叶片萎缩,要注意遮荫。
(3)光照管理插穗所带的顶芽和叶片只有在阳光下才能进行光合作用,并产生生长素以促进生根。但由于其已从母株分离,故应适当遮荫,一般遮荫度以70{bf}为宜。插穗生根后半个月左右就可移出栽人盆中,先放在隐蔽处缓苗,待根系发育良好、植株健壮后,再逐步移到阳光充足之处,按常规进行管理。
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