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蕨类植物可以从野外移栽吗

Miss Chen
11-23
我国的蕨类植物资源非常丰富,从南到北都有分布,蕨类爱好者可直接到山间野外挖取,从野生环境中进行活植株的引种。活植株的引种首先要选择适宜的引种时间。试验表明,每年的10一11月和2―3月引种成活率最高,可达90{bf}以上。因为这两个时期避开了一年中的最热和最冷的季节,植物处于休眠和半休眠状态,不至因长途运输而受损。盛夏成活率低,引种的最佳期为采集地的蕨类将要萌动时,此时运输安全,栽植后气温逐渐升高,容易缓苗。

多数的蕨类生长在潮湿荫蔽而富含腐殖质的地方,土壤肥沃而疏松,轻轻一挖即可取出。直立根的蕨如鳞毛蕨、蹄盖蕨等,应避免伤新根,移栽后剪去部分或全部叶片,以减少蒸腾。横走根状茎的蕨如骨碎补、水龙骨等,注意不要伤及幼芽,上部叶片少剪,以免影响恢复。

附生蕨如鸟巢蕨等也较易采。石生蕨如银粉背蕨等固着力强,则要细心采挖,以免伤根。采集的植物如不能及时运走,应放于阴暗处,每天喷2~3遍水,存放时间最多不能超过1周。搬运时一般用双层瓦楞纸箱包装,箱内先垫一层塑料薄膜,铺上苔藓或用常见的卷柏代替,放上植物后再盖满苔藓,然后洒少量水,在箱子四周扎几个孔就行了。
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