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Miss Chen
16 hours ago
Miss Chen
Wisteria is known for its enchanting cascades of purple-blue blooms. Chinese wisteria is often seen sprawling over archways or pergolas, but this variety can be invasive and aggressive. However, there is another non-invasive and less aggressive variety: American wisteria. Native to North America, this variety (Wisteria frutescens) can still reach up to 30 feet in height and width, showering any nearby structure in clusters of mesmerizing blue flowers. However, you may have to wait five or six years for the vine to mature and produce flowers. It has pinnate, shiny, dark leaves and pea-like flowers that hang in clusters about 5 to 6 inches long. After flowering, American wisteria creates smooth, bean-like seed pods.
With a more controlled manner of growing, American wisteria offers the perfect solution for many who long for this plant's stunning flowers in their own garden. Botanical Name Wisteria frutescens Common Name American wisteria Plant Type Vine Mature Size 20 to 30 ft. long Sun Exposure Full, partial Soil Type Moist but well-drained Soil pH Acidic, neutral Bloom Time Spring, summer Flower Color Blue, purple, white Hardiness Zones 5 to 9, USA Native Area North America Toxicity Toxic to humans and pets American Wisteria Care The beauty of this vine is in its abundant foliage and rapid growth. However, since it can grow to huge proportions, a strong structure is needed to offer support. Archways, arbors, fences, or trellises make perfect options. Although it may be tempting to let the vine crawl up the side of your home, it can become very heavy and eventually cause damage. While not considered invasive, this plant's fast-growing nature means it may be better if grown in an isolated area. Otherwise, it may choke out neighboring plants. Regular pruning can encourage more flowering, which may easily stretch from spring into the summer. This is another advantage of American wisteria, as its Chinese cousin only blooms once in the spring. American wisteria is deer-resistant and flood-resistant. Light American wisteria loves the sunshine and grows best in full sun. It can be grown in partial shade, but these conditions may not allow the plant to bloom as profusely. Plenty of sunlight is essential for healthy flowering. Soil Rich, moist, well-draining soil is ideal for this vine. Acidic to neutral pH levels are best. Soil that is too alkaline can cause these plants to become chlorotic, which means the leaves do not produce enough chlorophyll. The leaves will lose their green color and turn a dull shade of yellow. Water American wisteria is naturally found in moist areas by rivers, swamps, or flood plains. Therefore, this vine thrives on consistent moisture. Maintain a regular watering schedule, especially during hot summers when soil may dry out more quickly. Temperature and Humidity American wisteria plants prefer moderate moisture levels but can tolerate high levels of moisture and humidity. It does best in moderate climates, as indicated by its suitability for USDA hardiness zones 5 to 9. Fertilizer Adding fertilizer will encourage blooming, which may take up to five or more years to occur. Be sure that your fertilizer contains a good amount of phosphorus, as this will help encourage blooming. Beware of fertilizer that is high in nitrogen. American Wisteria Varieties 'Nivea': This variety produces short clusters of white flowers. Its main bloom appears in the summer, but this vine is known to sporadically bloom afterward. 'Amethyst Falls': As suggested by the name, Amethyst Falls produces beautiful purple flowers with a light fragrance. This variety blooms at a younger age, making it a good choice if you're in a hurry for a flowering wisteria plant. 'Alba': Another variety with white blooms, Alba produces large white flowers in short, full clusters. Pruning American Wisteria This plant only flowers on wood that was produced the previous growing season (one-year-old wood). It's thinner, lighter in color, and more flexible than older wood. Be careful not to remove all the flowering wood when pruning. Regular pruning is key to keeping your large vine full of blooms. Prune the vine twice each year: once before the plant leafs out in the spring, and again just after flowers fade. After blooming in the summer, cut back that year’s growth to around 6 inches. This will help control the vine’s growth, as well as encourage thick blooming. Propagating American Wisteria Using cuttings is the best way to propagate wisteria. Seeds can also be used, but these take years to mature and flower which makes cuttings the quickest and most ideal way.
Be sure to take cuttings from softwood, which is wood that is still green and has not developed woody bark. Annual pruning is a perfect time to propagate. Instead of tossing pruned stems, you can propagate a new plant with them. Using a sharp pair of garden snips, trim a softwood cutting about 3 to 6 inches long with healthy leaves. Remove any leaves on the lower half of the cutting. Remove any flower buds. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone and bury it in moist potting soil. To hold in moisture, place a plastic bag over the cutting, propping it up with stakes or sticks. Place in bright, indirect light. Water when the soil feels dry to the touch. Roots should form in about a month. Remove the bag and keep your cutting in a sunny area before transitioning it to a new planting location.
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Miss Chen
16 hours ago
Miss Chen
幸福花喜欢温暖的环境,生长也比较迅速,所以要进行换盆,以保证充足的养分。换盆的时候要注意两年一换,这样才可使得根系舒展,换盆的时候要注意有温暖的环境,促使长势迅速的恢复。土壤要选择疏松肥沃、排水良好的土壤,换好之后将其放于阴凉处放置四天左右,等枝叶舒展开来,再进行护理工作。
一、幸福花的换盆方法 幸福树换盆两年一换,这样能使根系舒展,也能促使吸收到更多的养分促进后期生长。给幸福树换盆,可以选择适宜的时间,温度需保持在15℃以上,温度适宜才能适合幸福树生长,促进长势尽快恢复。 幸福树在换盆之前,需先将植株从花盆中取出来。如果株型较大的话,可以两个人一次操作,将幸福树植株取出来,不要伤害到根系。取出幸福树的植株来,需将土壤去掉一部分,露出新鲜的根系,对根系适当修剪,去掉老根、烂根、枯根。 花盆要比之前的大一些,总体大小要符合植株的大小,花盆材质要通透,底部要能正常排水。准备新的土壤,选择疏松、肥沃、通透性较好的土壤,可以自己配制,在花盆底部垫上碎瓦片,将配制好的土壤装入花盆中。
二、注意事项 在幸福花换盆的时候要注意在时间上要选择中午进行,取土的时候不要伤到根。盆换好之后要放在阴凉处,不要晒到阳光。然后要浇水要注意浇透,渗到根部,才有利于其生长。最后要注意黄叶的摘除,见到黄叶就摘掉,以免染坏其它的叶子。
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Miss Chen
07-29
Miss Chen
Persimmons are small, bright orange fruit with an unusually vibrant flavor when ripe—when unripe they are usually very sour and almost inedible. The most common cultivated variety is the Japanese or Asian persimmon (Diospyros kaki), and China produces about 80 percent of the world's commercial persimmon crop. They are cultivated in the United States, but only in the warmest states (California, Florida, and Texas). American persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) are native to Eastern North America, and while they are not nearly as widely cultivated and not yet considered a commercial crop, they are much more cold-hardy than the larger Asian persimmons. This makes them the ideal choice for amateur enthusiasts to try planting in their yard in spring after any frost has passed. The American persimmon is the focus here. These trees are rather slow-growing and it can take seven to 10 years for them to be fruit-bearing. When ripe, the fruit has what can be described as a custard-like texture and the sweet flavor is often said to remind people of honey. This deciduous tree has blue-green leaves that turn yellow and orange in autumn.
Botanical Name Diospyros virginiana Common Name American persimmon Plant Type Deciduous tree Mature Size 35 to 50 feet Sun Exposure Full sun, afternoon shade Soil Type Tolerant of all soils except salt, loam preferred Soil pH 6.5 to 7.5 Bloom Time Late spring Flower Color White or pink Hardiness Zones 4 to 9 (USDA) Native Areas Eastern North America How to Plant Persimmon Trees Choose a site with ample sun and well-drained soil. American persimmons can grow very tall (up to 50 feet!), so make sure they have plenty of room to spread. These trees have a strong taproot that can go quite deep, so this needs to be taken into consideration—this is why persimmons won't grow well in containers. Persimmon Tree Care Light As with most fruit trees, full sun is best for growing persimmons. Some afternoon shade is all right. Be aware of shifting light patterns through the seasons, bearing in mind that persimmons ripen in late autumn. Soil Persimmons like slightly acidic and loamy soils but are adaptable to a wide range of conditions. They do not do well in salty soils. As with any fruit tree, choose a site with good drainage to prevent root rot and fungus problems. Water Once established, persimmon trees should not need extra watering, except during an exceptionally dry season. During a drought, water once weekly, deeply at the roots. They do need regular watering after being planted or transplanted. Temperature and Humidity American Persimmons are hardy to USDA zone 4, and thus can withstand harsh winter conditions and temperatures to -25F. They like some air circulation, but take care not to plant them where they will be too vulnerable to winter winds. They can also handle warm temperatures, up to Zone 9. They're not as likely to fruit in desert climates but do best in areas where deciduous trees proliferate and like a moderate amount of humidity. Fertilizer Persimmons like loamy soil but are generally happy without extra fertilizer. If your soil is not very rich, add some good soil amendments when planting your persimmon tree to give it a healthy start. American Persimmon Varieties There are a variety of persimmon cultivars available, categorized as "astringent" and "non-astringent" which affect when they can be eaten. An astringent cultivar must be soft before it can be eaten, but a non-astringent cultivar may be eaten crisp like an apple. However, all American persimmon cultivars, unlike the Asian persimmon, are classified as astringent.
The Asian persimmon has a very wide range of cultivars. When it comes to the American persimmon, because it isn't widely cultivated, there is a much more limited selection and often they will be sold under the general name with no information about the type of cultivar. If you are looking for something specific, it would be best to seek out a specialist nursery. Some of the more readily available cultivars known for large, tasty fruit include Claypool, Dollywood, and Early Golden. Harvesting Because of their pungent astringency, it is important to let American persimmons ripen fully before picking. They also continue to ripen after they are picked. It is best to allow them to become fully soft to appreciate their full sweet taste. The fruits ripen in late autumn and may remain on the tree into winter, providing a sweet treat for lucky birds and other wildlife. While the fruit looks large for a berry, that is, in fact, its morphological form (similar to a tomato). Pruning American persimmon trees should be well-pruned in the early years to give them a strong main branch structure. The fruits can grow heavy at the tips of branches when the fruit clusters mature and may break branches. Regular pruning helps keep the tree strong and healthy. In maturity, prune any dead branches. Persimmons respond well to pruning and may be pruned into hedges or even espalier forms. Common Pests & Diseases Persimmons are generally free from pests and diseases, but mealybugs or other pests associated with ants may become a problem. Treat with organic methods to protect the fruit.
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Miss Chen
07-29
Miss Chen
香水兰在养殖时,可以将其种植在水苔中,在里面还可以添加适量的木屑和泥炭土,温度控制在15~25摄氏度之间,能够接受全天的光照,在光照过于强烈的时候,可以做好遮阴措施。养殖香水兰时需要注意,施肥应该遵循勤施稀肥,施肥的次数要勤,但是肥料必须要先稀释。
香水兰养殖的方法 养殖香水兰时,可以将其种植在水苔中,并且添加适量的木屑和泥炭土,提高土壤的透气和排水性,温度控制在15~25℃之间。香水兰能够接受全天的光照,但是在夏季光照强烈的时候,还是需要做好遮阴措施,防止叶片被灼伤。 香水兰在春秋两季浇水时,需要等到土壤以及变干后再进行浇水,浇水一定要浇透,保证水能够渗透到土壤底部,在夏季每隔2~3天浇一次水,空气干燥的时候可以对叶片喷水,在冬季每隔半个月浇一次水。
注意事项 香水兰在施肥时,应该遵循勤施稀肥的原则,由于香水兰植株细小,消耗的养分很少,一般在生长期时,每隔10~15天施加一次氮磷钾复合肥,在植株开花的时候,每隔20天施加一次稀释的磷肥水,确保香水兰能够正常开花。 香水兰属于阳性植物,但是在光照强烈的时候,还是需要做好遮阴措施,不能将其整天放置在阳光下照射。可以使用透光度为30%的遮阳布,套在植株的顶端,或者使用双层黑色地膜,将其铺在土壤表面,起到吸热反光的作用。
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Miss Chen
07-29
Miss Chen
金边瑞香叶子发软下垂,可能是光照过于强烈导致的,此时叶片会被灼伤,水分蒸发速度较快。可能是浇水过多导致的,大量水分储存在土壤底部,会阻塞根系的气孔,影响植株的生长。可能是施肥过多导致的,大量有机质堆积在土壤底部,发生蒸腾放热的现象,引起根系灼烧。
金边瑞香叶子发软下垂的原因 金边瑞香叶子发软下垂可能是光照过于强烈导致的,由于阳光强烈,叶片会被光照灼伤,周围的温度也相对较高,植株叶片中的水分蒸发速度加快,生长过程中会严重缺水,造成叶片枯萎、变黄、发蔫。 金边瑞香叶子发软下垂可能是浇水过多导致的,由于植株根系吸收水分的能力是固定的,当浇水过多时,根系无法将水分完全吸收,会导致土壤底部出现积水的现象,根系浸泡在水中,会阻碍气孔进行呼吸作用,影响植株的生长。
金边瑞香叶子发软下垂可能是施肥过多导致的,由于植株在生长过程中,自身会通过光合作用合成有机质和葡萄糖,根系吸收土壤中的养分不会过多,当施肥过量时会导致肥害现象的发生,此时植株的根系容易被灼烧。 金边瑞香叶子发软下垂可能是光照不足导致的,由于植株正常的生长过程中,需要充足的光照,才能促进光合作用的正常进行,叶片的叶绿体才能进行正常的生命活动,叶绿素合成的含量才会增多,光照不足会导致叶片发黄、枯萎。
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Miss Chen
07-28
Miss Chen
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Miss Chen
07-28
Miss Chen
光叶子花在种植时,需要配制含有腐殖土、园土、沙土的混合土壤,对插穗进行修剪和消毒处理,然后插入土壤当中,保证最底部的叶片在土壤表面,填土完成后铺上一层塑料膜。保持土壤湿润,生长1个月后就能够生根,生长2年后就能够开花。
光叶子花种植的方法 在光叶子花进行种植的时候,需要选择使用含有腐殖土、园土、沙土的混合土壤,同时还可以添加晒干的塘泥和煤饼渣,增加土壤营养成分。种植的时候通常在5~6月份,天气晴朗、空气干燥的环境中进行,温度控制在10~15摄氏度之间。 种植主要采用扦插的方式完成,将从母株上剪下的枝干,用清水冲洗干净,去除表面的杂质和细菌,修剪掉两侧细软的枝干,以及多余的叶子,在伤口处涂抹上草木灰或者多菌灵溶液,然后栽种到配制好的盆土中。
在光叶子花种植的时候,插穗的埋土深度不能超过最底部的叶片高度,填好表面的土壤后,需要再铺上一层薄薄 塑料膜,起到保温保湿的作用。保证盆土相对湿润的状态,当表面土壤变干的时候,需要及时补水。 细心养护1个月后,就能够生长出根系,然后接受充足的散射光照照射,定期施加腐熟发酵的有机肥和尿素、磷酸二氢钾溶液,通常培养2年后就能够开花。光子叶花的花瓣呈长圆形、椭圆形,花色为紫色、红色。
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