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Miss Chen
05-07
Miss Chen
The sweet floral scent of honeysuckle in the air is a sure tell that summer has arrived. The honeysuckle family (Lonicera spp.) includes 180 species of low-maintenance deciduous and evergreen shrubs or climbers with twining stems.1 Many have naturalized in the United States and some are native to specific regions of the country. If you plan to include this old time favorite in your landscape, be sure to do your homework. Other species of honeysuckle are highly invasive and prohibited in parts of the country. Check with your local cooperative extension to make sure the variety you choose can be planted in your region. The tubular or two-lipped showy honeysuckle flowers are easy for bees and hummingbirds to slip into. After the yellow, red, pink, purple, or white blooms fade, you'll find lot of juicy berries in the fall. Depending on the variety, honeysuckle grows hardy in USDA zones 4 through 10. Common honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum) is also called European honeysuckle or woodbine. Native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia, it has naturalized in some areas of North America such as Nova Scotia, Ontario, New England and the Pacific Northwest. It is a deciduous shrub with a vine-like habit, growing 10 feet tall and occasionally to 20 feet tall. Leaves are ovate to obovate, about two inches long, appearing on the stems in pairs. Leaves are dark green above and blue-green underneath. Two shades of green appear in the center of the leaf, which has creamy white edges. New leaves emerge in spring and mature as smooth leaves by summer, becoming hot pink in autumn. Buds are pink. Colorful flowers open with ivory interiors and purple exteriors. Two-lipped flowers, each two inches long, bloom steadily in summer and more sporadically in autumn to frost, in three to five whorled terminal spikes that give way to glossy, red berries. Honeysuckle also has strong nocturnally scented flowers attracting large pollinating hawk moths that roam dense bushy and woodland areas.
How to Grow and Care for Rosemary Botanical Name Lonicera periclymenum Common Names Common Honeysuckle, European Honeysuckle, Woodbine Plant Type Deciduous shrub with a vine-like growth habit Mature Size 12 to 20 ft. tall Sun Exposure Dappled sunlight Soil Type Moist, well-drained soils Soil pH Neutral; tolerates both acidic and alkaline Bloom Time Spring, summer, fall Flower Colors Crimson purple outside and yellow and white inside Hardiness Zones 5-9, USDA Native Area Europe, Northern Africa, Southwest Asia Common Honeysuckle Care Tie young vining honeysuckle to a vertical stake to support its growth. Establish the stake before planting to avoid disturbing the soil or roots. If you plan to include common honeysuckle in your landscape, be sure to do your homework. Other species of honeysuckle are highly invasive and prohibited in parts of the country. Check with your local extension office to make sure the variety you choose can be planted in your region. Light Common honeysuckle prefers dappled sunlight, but it will grow in full sun to part shade. Give the plant a similar environment to its native habitat of scrub and woods. If possible, shade the roots and let the plant climb towards the sun. Soil Give common honeysuckle any fertile, rich, well-drained soil. Water Water newly planted honeysuckle consistently. Keep the soil evenly moist until the plant shows signs of vigorous growth. Once established, it is quite drought tolerant. Water only if summer droughts last two weeks or more, offering at least one inch of water per week. Adding about two inches of organic mulch around the plant's base will prevent water from evaporating. Temperature and Humidity Honeysuckles usually thrive best in cooler regions with cooler summer climates. Place in part afternoon shade where summers are especially hot.
Fertilizer If planted in fertile soil, the honeysuckle will grow vigorously without any added fertilizer. If needed, encourage blooming by applying a low-nitrogen fertilizer in spring such as 2-10-10, 0-10-10 or 15-25-10. Too much nitrogen will encourage more growth in the leaves and not enough in the flowers. Such "flushes of foliage growth" could make the plant more susceptible to pests. Learn to read and understand garden fertilizer labels to give each plant exactly what it needs. Pruning Once established, most honeysuckle plants will grow vigorously. Prune your common honeysuckle as you would any shrub or vine, removing dead or damaged twigs and branches throughout the season but save any hard pruning for after bloom. Early-blooming vining varieties that bloom on last year's growth, like common honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum), benefit from being cut back by one-third after the blooming period is over. If the vine gets out of control, cut it two feet above the ground. Other Varieties Early Dutch Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum 'Belgica' ) plants bear streaked, raspberry red flowers. A popular woodbine (Lonicera periclymenum 'Serotina') produces flowers that are dark red on the outside and yellow and white inside. Berries Jubilee (Lonicera periclymenum 'Monul') have yellow flowers, giving fruit to bright red berries. Propagating Common Honeysuckle Semi-ripe cuttings can be taken for propagation in summer. Put the cuttings in a well-draining soil and wait for them to take root. Common Pests and Diseases While there are rarely any serious insect or disease issues, watch for honeysuckle aphids and scale. Leaf roller, dieback, and blights may also arise. Growing honeysuckle in regions with hot and humid summers could result in powdery mildew and leaf spots, which is why it's best to grow honeysuckle in cooler regions where it will thrive.
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Miss Chen
05-07
Miss Chen
想要养殖鹅掌花,可以用排水性能良好的营养土进行种养。在生长期间,可将环境的温度稳定在14~35度之间,过冬温度在16度以上。生长期间,需要给予鹅掌花充足的光照和水分,适量的浇水,要给其遮荫,能够促进鹅掌花的生长。
1、土壤 鹅掌花是天南星科花烛属多年生常绿草本植物,又被称为火鹤花。鹅掌花的适应能力较强,不耐水涝,对土壤的要求不高。想要养殖鹅掌花,可以用疏松、肥沃、透气和排水性能良好的营养土进行种养,有利于根系的生长。 2、温度 鹅掌花喜温,适合在温暖、湿润和通风良好的环境下生长。在生长期间,可将环境的温度稳定在14~35度之间,扦插生根的温度需控制在23度左右。鹅掌花不耐寒,在冬季期间需要将其移到较为温暖的室内,使其能够顺利过冬。
3、光照 鹅掌花喜半阴凉的气候环境,不耐强光,不过在生长期间需要光照。在春秋季期间,可将鹅掌花放在室外光照充足的位置养护,使其进行光合作用。在高温的夏季期间,避开正午的强光,将鹅掌花移到凉爽通风的室内养护。 4、水分 鹅掌花喜湿,适合在湿润的环境下生长。在春秋季期间,要根据土壤的干湿状况,适量的给鹅掌花浇水。夏季高温期间,空气较为干燥,需要增加浇水量。在养护期间,要适量的浇水,还要给鹅掌花的叶片和花盆周围喷水。
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Miss Chen
05-07
Miss Chen
麒麟花叶子有粘液,是由于遭受了粉虱和介壳虫危害,需要及时喷洒氧化乐果溶液。在养护麒麟花时,需要保证每天8小时的阳光照射。每次给麒麟花浇水要浇透,避免出现积水造成根部的腐烂。每个月给麒麟花施加1次有机肥液,做好养分补充。 一、麒麟花叶子有粘液解决办法 麒麟花在生长的过程中,会遭受粉虱和介壳虫危害,大量繁殖迅速侵蚀叶片。叶片上出现大量的虫卵,表面有一层黏液。不及时防治,会造成麒麟花的叶片逐渐枯黄掉落,需要及时喷洒氧化乐果溶液,进行有效防治。 二、麒麟花的养护 麒麟花喜欢阳光的照射,保证每天8小时的阳光照射,可以促进麒麟花开放的更加旺盛。将麒麟花养护在通风明亮的地方,夏季光照充足,需要给麒麟花进行适当遮荫保护,冬季可以给麒麟花进行日光灯人工补光。 在给麒麟花麒麟花浇水时,每次浇水要浇透,避免出现积水,会造成根部的腐烂。夏季气温升高,可以每天浇水1次,保证土壤处于湿润状态,雨季雨水较多,做好土壤的排水工作,冬季气温降低,需要减少浇水。 麒麟花在生长过程中,离不开充足的养分补充,需要及时施肥。每个月给麒麟花施加1次有机肥液,在麒麟花进入花期后,适当的施加磷钾肥。在给麒麟花施肥时,肥料需要进行稀释后使用,避免浓度太高出现烧根现象。
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Miss Chen
05-06
Miss Chen
花的营养液在使用前需要进行稀释,需要根据说明兑入适量的水。营养液稀释后,可以浇花,也可以擦拭花卉植物的叶片,后期能够使花卉植物生长的更加健壮,叶片更加青绿。在生长期间,花卉植物一般7~10天左右可使用1次营养液。
花的营养液的用法 花卉植物在生长期间,给予其适量的营养液,花叶能够更好的生长。营养液含有丰富的营养物质,不过不能直接给花卉使用,需要进行稀释。在使用期间,5毫升的营养液可以用2斤左右的水进行稀释,稀释后可以喷洒植物的叶片。 稀释后的营养液,也可以用棉布蘸取,轻轻擦拭植物的叶片。用营养液擦拭花卉植物的叶片,能够去除叶片的灰尘,可使叶片更好的呼吸。用营养液擦拭后,还能为叶片提供充足的营养物质,有利于花卉植物叶片的生长。
给花卉植物使用营养液时要注意,营养液属于花肥,不能每天使用,否则会伤及花卉植物的根系。在生长期间,一般7~10天左右,可给花卉植物使用1次营养液。花卉植物在休眠期间,需要控肥,可以30天左右使用1次。 营养液很适合给水培植物和多肉植物使用,可在花卉植物换水后给其使用。换水后,可在容器中滴加1~2滴营养液,再将水培花卉放在干燥通风的位置养护。多肉的根系较浅,不需要太多的肥料,生长期间15天左右可使用1次营养液。
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Miss Chen
05-05
Miss Chen
If you are looking for a flower to add to a charming cottage garden, look no further than the common hollyhock (Alcea rosea). This traditional garden favorite can grow up to 8 feet tall with large, heart-shaped foliage and long-blooming ornamental flowers. This biennial herbaceous plant adds plenty of interest, and readily self-seeds to provide new growth year after year. You can plant hollyhocks in late summer when growing from seed, and they will bloom the following year. Botanical Name Alcea rosea Common Name Common hollyhock Family Malvaceae Plant Type Biennial, Herbaceous Mature Size 6-8 ft. tall, 1 to 2 ft. wide Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Moist, Well-drained Soil pH Acid, Neutral, Alkaline Bloom Time Summer Flower Color White, Pink, Red, Yellow, Lavender Hardiness Zones 2-10, USA Native Area Turkey How to Grow and Care for Aloe Common Hollyhock Care These adaptable plants can grow in a range of conditions but aren't fans of wet winter soils. Hollyhocks grow on strong, sturdy stems which will stay upright without staking when planted in a sheltered spot. With large, showy blooms in a range of colors, this old-fashioned favorite is eye-catching when planted at the back of a border or along a fence or wall. Space your common hollyhocks far enough apart when planting to promote good air circulation and reduce problems with the fungal disease rust. Positioning them about 18 inches apart should be adequate. Light Although common hollyhocks can tolerate partial shade, they prefer a warm, full sun position. Too much shade will result in these tall plants flopping over, but excessively hot, dry weather can cause lower leaves to wither and die. Soil Part of the appeal of common hollyhocks is their ability to succeed in most soils. They prefer fertile, heavy soils, but, providing you enrich poor soils with organic matter, your plants should still do well. Water Common hollyhocks prefer evenly moist conditions, but wet winter soils are problematic. If your soil is not draining well during a wet winter, you could amend it with compost to improve air circulation and drainage. Water the roots and not the leaves of this plant, as wet leaves promote problems with the fungal diseases these plants are susceptible to. Temperature and Humidity Hardy down to about 5 degrees Fahrenheit, hollyhocks are pretty cold tolerant. However, early frosts can damage the flowers. Ideal daytime temperatures for flowering plants are around 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Excessive humidity can result in problems with the fungal disease hollyhock rust.
Fertilizer In terms of maintenance, one of the most important considerations for common hollyhocks is their nutrient levels. These plants love fertile conditions and are heavy feeders. Adding organic matter to your soil in the spring and applying an organic flower fertilizer or fish emulsion that is high in nitrogen every few weeks during the bloom period will result in bigger flowers and healthier foliage. Poor nutrient levels can result in yellowing of the plant's leaves and disappointing blooms. Propagating Common Hollyhock You can propagate common hollyhocks through division in the fall or spring when the plants are not flowering. Take root cuttings in winter (around Decembe, and you can propagate basal cuttings at any time of the year. Make sure to select rust-free plants. How to Grow Common Hollyhock From Seed Common hollyhocks are easy to grow from seeds. Sow seeds around late spring or late summer. The ideal temperature for germination is around 60 degrees Fahrenheit. After danger of frost, direct sow in the garden bed about 1/4 inch deep and 18 to 20 inches apart. Cover lightly with soil. If you plan to start your seeds in pots, start about 2 weeks prior to the last frost. Select deep pots and transplant outdoors as soon as true leaves emerge. Hollyhocks have a deep taproot which, once established, may not transplant well. Regardless of where you start your hollyhock seeds, be patient: they typically take around two weeks to germinate. Common Pests & Plant Diseases The fungal disease rust can be a major problem for the foliage and it can quickly spread resulting in premature leaf drop and stunted growth. Removing the leaves on the lower part of the plant stem, cutting the plants back in the fall, and promptly removing the debris will help to minimize fungus problems and spread. You might also find that Japanese beetles and spider mites are attracted to your common hollyhock, and young growth tends to be a tasty treat for slugs.
How to Get Common Hollyhocks to Bloom The flowers of the common hollyhock are large (around 4 to 5 inches in diameter), face outwards on the long central stem, and come in various colors, including white, pink, red, yellow, and lavender. Some say the flowers resemble those of opium poppies (Papaver somniferum). Although these plants are typically grown as biennials, meaning there will only be one flowering season, they have a long bloom period, lasting from mid-summer to early fall. A fertile soil with lots of nutrients, consistent moisture, and deadheading wilted blooms will encourage abundant, large, healthy blooms. FAQ Are common hollyhocks easy to grow? Although the common hollyhock grows from seed easily, they need the right amount of nutrients, spacing, and moisture levels to encourage healthy blooms and minimize problems with the fungal disease rust. How long can common hollyhocks live? This species is a short-lived perennial that is typically grown as a biennial. This means the plant takes two years to complete it's life cycle. Look for a leafy rosette the first year, followed by a sturdy central stock with blooms the second year. With the right care and conditions, you may get an additional year of flowering from your common hollyhock. Where can I grow common hollyhock in my garden? These tall cottage garden favorites are well suited to be grown against walls or fences or as a stunning backdrop in beds and borders.
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Miss Chen
05-05
Miss Chen
山银花在生长期间可以扦插繁殖,成活率较高。需要剪取母株藤条上健壮的枝条,长度控制在30厘米左右,修剪后将其放在生根水中浸泡并晾干。晾干后,可将其扦插在疏松透气的土壤里,适量的浇水,保持土壤湿润,后期山银花可出根。
山银花的扦插方法 山银花可以扦插繁殖,在生长期间都可以扦插,成活率较高。在扦插前,需要选无病择母株上健壮的枝条,将长度控制在30厘米左右。将枝条剪下后,需要剪去中部和低部的叶片,将底部斜口削平整,顶部可保留2~3枚叶片。 修剪后,可以将枝条放在生根水中浸泡10~15分钟。泡好后将其捞出,放在凉爽通风的位置晾干,待其伤口愈合后可进行扦插繁殖。选择疏松、肥沃、透气和排水性能良好的土壤,提前给土壤消毒杀菌,将晾干的枝条扦插在盆土中。
扦插后,可覆土压实,适量的浇水,将土壤浸湿。将山银花放在凉爽通风的位置养护,在养护期间需要控水,保持土壤湿润。将环境的温度控制在23度左右,一般30天左右,山银花可长出根系,后期养护,需要加强管理。 在养护期间,要给予山银花充足的光照、水分和适量的肥料,使其健康生长。后期山银花生长稳定后,可以进行移栽,将其种植在土层深厚且土质松软的土地里。在养护期间,需要合理的浇水,保持土壤湿润,有利于山银花适应新土。
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Miss Chen
05-05
Miss Chen
飘香藤掉花苞,可能是缺少光照所致,光照不足,飘香藤无法进行光合作用。在养护期间,若是水分不足,飘香藤的花苞会干枯,后期会脱落。若是肥料不足,飘香藤缺少营养,花苞会掉落,温度偏低会使飘香藤生长不良,花苞也会脱落。
飘香藤掉花苞的原因 飘香藤掉花苞,可能是光照不足所致。飘香藤喜光照,在生长期间需要有充足的光照,能够促进花朵的发放。长期将飘香藤放在室内养护,而室内的光照不足。飘香藤无法进行光合作用,不能积累营养物质,后期花苞会逐渐脱落。 飘香藤在开花前期,对水分的需求较高,水分不足,也会使飘香藤掉花苞。在养护期间,长期不给飘香藤浇水,在气候干燥的环境下不给飘香藤补充水分,后期飘香藤的花苞会脱落。在养护期间,过量的给飘香藤浇水,也会使花苞脱落。
飘香藤在开花前,肥料不足,花苞会掉落。飘香藤在开花需要适量的施肥,充足的肥料能够促进花朵的生长。在养护期间,若是为及时给飘香藤施肥,飘香藤缺少肥料,在营养不足的条件下,后期花苞会大量的脱落,会影响花朵的开放。 飘香藤在养护期间,温度偏低,也会使花苞脱落。在养护期间,温度在20~30度之间,飘香藤才能正常生长。若是环境的温度偏低,在20度以下,飘香藤会生长不良。飘香藤无法正常的生长,后期叶片会枯萎,还会使花苞脱落。
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Miss Chen
05-04
Miss Chen
麒麟花叶子烂是由于浇水过多,出现积水造成根部的腐烂。每次给麒麟花施肥时,避免浓度太高,出现烧根现象。麒麟花需要经常进行翻土处理,避免土壤板结出现盐碱化。麒麟花适宜生长温度在20~25℃之间,冬季需要移放室内养护。 1、浇水过多 麒麟花是不耐涝的,每次浇水要浇透,避免出现积水造成根部的腐烂,麒麟花的叶子就会腐烂。每次等到土壤表面干燥后再浇水,保证土壤的干湿交替。夏季气温升高,可以每天浇水1次,冬季气温降低,需要减少浇水。 2、施肥不当 充足的养分,可以促进麒麟花的不断生长,肥料浓度太高,会出现烧根现象,造成麒麟花叶子发生腐烂。每个月给麒麟花施加1次有机肥液,施肥时肥料需要进行稀释后使用。麒麟花进入花期后,适量施加磷钾肥。 3、土壤问题 麒麟花喜欢疏松肥沃的土壤,土壤变的板结出现盐碱化,麒麟花的根部呼吸不畅,叶片就会腐烂。保证土壤的透气性,可以加入泥沙石。保证土壤的微酸性,可以促进麒麟花的不断生长,雨季雨水较多,做好土壤的排水工作。 4、注意事项 麒麟花适宜生长温度在20~25℃之间,温度适宜,可以促进麒麟花的不断生长。夏季气温升高,环境干燥,需要在空气中和叶片表面洒水,做好降温保湿。冬季气温降低,需要将麒麟花移放室内养护,避免被冻伤。
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Miss Chen
05-04
Miss Chen
麒麟花叶子有白点,是由于遭受了粉虱,需要及时喷洒氧化乐果溶液。在麒麟花遭受了介壳虫,除了用湿抹布擦拭叶片,还需要喷洒速扑杀溶液。预防麒麟花虫害,需要控制温度在20~25℃之间。经常给麒麟花进行修剪,保证空气的流通。 一、麒麟花叶子有白点的原因 麒麟花很容易遭受粉虱的危害,会迅速侵蚀叶片,在叶片上出现白点。不及时防治,麒麟花在茎部和叶片上也会出现大面积的黑粉,叶片会逐渐枯黄掉落。需要在受损叶片,及时喷洒氧化乐果溶液,进行有效防治。 在每年早春季节,空气不流通,麒麟花遭受介壳虫的侵害,叶片就会出现白点。介壳虫的繁殖力迅速,到后期会造成麒麟花出现死亡。除了用湿抹布擦拭叶片进行人工除虫,还需要及时喷洒速扑杀溶液,进行预防。 二、麒麟花预防虫害的方法 麒麟花适宜生长温度在20~25℃之间,温度适宜,可以促进麒麟花的不断生长。夏季气温升高,环境干燥,需要在空气中和叶片表面洒水,做好降温保湿。冬季气温降低,需要将麒麟花移放室内养护,避免被冻伤。 麒麟花的枝叶繁密,需要及时进行修剪。将一些病虫害的叶片进行修剪,避免细菌虫害的大量滋生。经常进行疏枝整理,有效加强麒麟花的空气流通。修剪后的麒麟花,可以让养分更加集中,有效促进新枝芽的萌发。
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